College of Home Economics

Theses and dissertations submitted to the College of Home Economics

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The research was motivated by the growing popularity of Airbnb in the sharing economy, particularly among millennials seeking unique and affordable travel experiences. This study explored the preferences of Filipino millennials regarding the interior design of studio Airbnb spaces in Metro Manila. The study objectives were to describe the existing interior design elements present in the selected studio Airbnb spaces, identify the Filipino millennials' preferences on the interior design of studio Airbnb spaces in Metro Manila, and provide recommendations for improving the interior design of studio Airbnb spaces in Metro Manila. A convenient and purposive sampling approach was used to select six participants residing in Metro Manila, aged between 22 and 42 years, and with at least two Airbnb experiences in the last five years. Questionnaires and interviews were conducted to gather data based on criteria such as lighting, color scheme, space layout, furniture, amenities, and decorative accessories. The study revealed that Filipino millennials' preferences were influenced by their values, lifestyle choices, and comfort. Of the three, comfort was the most important factor in determining the interior design preferences of Filipino millennials. The findings may contribute to the understanding of interior design preferences of Filipino millennials and offer practical solutions for Airbnb hosts and designers in creating spaces that meet the comfort needs and preferences of Filipino millennials, ultimately enhancing guest satisfaction and overall experiences.


The research focuses on transition practices and concerns of 20 low-income primary caregivers as they transition their 3-4-year-old children from remote learning to in-person classes during the COVID-19 pandemic. They were selected through purposive sampling and were interviewed about their experiences. The study concluded that various transition practices and concerns emerged during one of the most extensive global outbreaks. Transition practices involve health preparations, academic preparations, school requirements and school supplies, financial preparations, social reminders, school visits, and adjusted routines. Because of the pandemic, the primary caregivers unanimously expressed that health was their main preparation as they transitioned their children to in-person classes. Future studies may explore other geographical regions with different characteristics of primary caregivers, namely, their cultural, linguistic, gender, and religious backgrounds.


While microalgae are considered to be great alternative food due to their nutritional composition and imparted benefits, there is an evident lack of available microalgae-containing products in the market. To better understand their application as food in the Philippines, the study determined the Filipino consumers’ knowledge, attitude, and perception (KAP) towards the use of microalgae as food in the Philippines. A survey questionnaire was administered among 400 Filipino respondents composed of both male and female, aged 18-59 yrs old. Results showed that respondents had average knowledge about microalgae with mean scores being significantly different (p<0.05) among various age groups, educational attainment, and household income. Majority of respondents strongly agreed that microalgae is innovative and interesting but the lack of available information about it deters consumers to be informed further. Factor analysis revealed that attitudes toward microalgae are influenced by perceived benefits, expected sensory quality of food, and food product information. Overall, the study showed that microalgae is positively perceived by Filipino consumers despite the lack of information available to the general public and that there is interest in these innovative products. Findings from this study could be used by government agencies and food manufacturing companies as a basis for the need of proper risk assessment and risk communication to inform consumers about the benefits of microalgae as food.


Despite advancements in clothing solutions, health risks and stresses faced by bedridden patients and their caregivers persist. Therefore, understanding their needs is crucial. This study aimed to analyze the clothing-related needs of selected adult bedridden patients in Metro Manila. Specifically, the study investigated their daily activities and clothing-related challenges, clothing solutions utilized by their caregiver, and the patient’s level of satisfaction with the solutions in terms of Functional, Expressive, Aesthetic, and Accessibility considerations. Four patients were conveniently selected as cases for the study. The data collected were from their caregiver’s perspective and were thematically analyzed. Aside from basic activities like eating and dressing, the patients’ other daily activities depended on their medical treatments, ability to go outside, and their caregivers’ choices. Moreover, most of their challenges were under Functional considerations, like difficulty in dressing due to the garment’s fit and type of closure. Their clothing solutions were necessity- driven and prioritized comfort, ease of wear, and protection. According to the caregivers, the patients gave the most importance to Functional considerations and the least to Aesthetic considerations. Although their satisfaction levels were favorable overall, they were dissatisfied with some specific attributes under the four considerations. For example, under Aesthetic, one was dissatisfied with the style, color, and attractiveness of their hospital gown. Clothing solutions with features that cater to their specific needs, like garments that accommodate medical devices and stylish hospital gowns, would be beneficial to the patients. It is recommended that future studies take into account both the caregiver and patient perspectives to gain a comprehensive understanding of the patient’s situation.


This study investigated the trace elements found in Philippine bee honey from various geographic origins using a Portable X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer. Fifty-nine authenticated honey samples were collected from regions 1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5, 6, 8, 11, CAR, and NCR. These samples included honey from Apis breviligula, Apis cerana, Apis dorsata, Apis mellifera, and Tetragonula biroi. Pearson’s Correlation was used to identify relationships between trace element concentrations and particulate matter (PM10) concentration, forest cover, and urban population density in the different regions. Correlational analysis revealed a significant positive association between tungsten concentration in honey and urbanization as well as PM10 with p-values of 0.00022 and 0.00307 respectively. Furthermore, forest cover positively correlated with platinum and aluminum content with p-values of 0.04396 and 0.02593. A comparison of means was also conducted after dividing the regions into areas of high and low degrees of anthropogenic influence. Areas with an urbanization level higher than the national average showed significantly higher concentrations of sulfur and zinc with p-values of 0.020812 and 0.003896 respectively; while higher forest cover showed positive correlation with aluminum and negative correlations with chlorine, potassium, rhodium, and palladium with p-values of 0.030943, 0.0452, 0.048327, 0.04372, 0.024714; however, no significant differences were found between PM10 concentrations. Adjacent regions displayed consistent trace elements, with few significant disparities found in comparative analyses. While the findings suggest anthropogenic influences on honey contamination, limited data on hive proximity to pollution sources and small, regionally skewed sample sizes preclude definitive conclusions. Future research should employ targeting sampling strategies to better ascertain the effects of human-induced contaminants on bee honey.