School of Library and Information Studies

Theses and dissertations submitted to School of Library and Information Studies

Items in this Collection

Incorrect levels of temperature and relative humidity hasten the deterioration of archives. The current research sought to evaluate the capacity of refrigerated margarine and zeolite respectively as alternative temperature and humidity control agents in Philippine archives. Different amounts of the two test materials were used in the experimental setups. Their performance were measured against those of the commercially available PCM and desiccant, the room temperature and relative humidity, and the required storage condition for archives. It had been found out that the optimum amount of refrigerated margarine that could perform well in the archive was 120 grams as it resulted to an average temperature of 29.9475˚C, which was the closest any of the phase change materials used could get to achieve the standard archival temperature of 20˚C. On the other hand, the optimum amount for zeolite was 60 grams. It resulted to an average of 57.825% relative humidity, which was 17.825% higher than the required relative humidity for archives. Their best outcomes were observed when the two materials were introduced independently to the storage. The refrigerated margarine and zeolite still require a few improvements before they become ready for their intended applications in the archive. The small optimum amount of the refrigerated margarine and zeolite would be beneficial because that means that less would be spent on the cost of materials..


The study evaluated the existing disaster management plan of the six academic libraries in Quezon City based on National Disaster for Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC's) framework for disaster management. The six academic libraries in Quezon City are, Far Eastern University- Nicanor Reyes Memorial Foundation Library (FEU-NRMF), National College of Business Administration (NCBA), STI College - Fairview Campus (STI), AMA Computer University - Fairview Campus (AMACU), Our Lady of Fatima University - Fairview Campus (OLFU) Polytechnic University of the Philippines Commonwealth Campus (PUP).

The study focused on the strengths and weaknesses of the disaster management plans of the six academic libraries in the areas of :
a. Earthquakes, Fire and Flood Prevention and Detection;
b. Emergency supplies/disaster kits and Disaster Emergency Team

The study also identified the factors that hinder the efficient implementation of their disaster management plan of the six academic libraries in Quezon City.

The study found out that the six academic libraries in Quezon City do not follow the framework created by The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) for disaster management plan. Five out of six of these institutions only have initial planning for disaster and neglected the six remaining steps for the pre-disaster phase. All of these institutions do not have a plan in place for the Disaster and Post-Disaster phase. For the Strengths and Weaknesses of the disaster management plan of each libraries: five out of six institutions have a strong building that met the criteria for earthquake inspection and five out of six institutions do not have the equipment/gadgets if a fire or a flood strikes them.

Lastly, the study identified the factors why a separate disaster management plan was not implemented in their libraries. Survey results revealed that for all respondents budget is the main constraint, followed by the lack of support from the management and the lack of manpower. Another reason given was lack of long-term tenure of the employees. There is no continuity program which can be continued by the next person who will occupy the position.

The six selected academic libraries have no existing library disaster management plan in place. Thus, they are considered non-compliant because they do not follow a standard disaster management plan set by National Disaster for Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC). The researcher believes that the lack of awareness is the main factor that hinders the implementation of the said plan in their library.


The medical education and training today have increased in complexity,
requiring more information than ever before. Therefore, libraries must frequently
develop and evaluate their collection to continue to provide the users with the best
services and most updated and reliable information that they need.

This study used citation and bibliometric analysis to examine the literature
used in the Medical Technology, Physical Therapy and Nursing programs of Far
Eastern University- Dr. Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation from A.Y. 2008-2009 to
2014-2015 with a total of 2,836 citations gathered from 190 undergraduate theses. A
citation index was generated containing the following elements: 1) title of the citing
material; 2) title of the cited material; 3)author/editor of the citing material; 4)
author/Editor of the cited material; 5) type of source material; 6)curricular
program/field of study; 7) year of publication of the thesis title; 8) year of
publication of the citation; 9) place of publication (local/foreign); and 10) other
details such as journal title, book for articles and book chapter, link of electronic
sources, name of websites cited as electronic sources, and newspaper or magazine
titles for periodicals.

Results showed that Medical Technology had a total of 35 thesis titles,
Physical Therapy with 12 titles and Nursing had 143 titles. The heavily cited type of
source material was electronic sources consisting of 28.03% of the total citations.
The results of the Medical Technology theses showed that the most cited source
Wikipedia which was cited 15 out of 536 or 2.80% of the total cited sources. For Physical Therapy, the book Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques by
Kisner was the top cited source material with six citations or 4.48% of the total. For
Nursing, the book Fundamentals of Nursing: Concepts, Process, and Practicewas
the most cited source with 25 citations or 1.17% of the total. The results also
revealed the most cited author were A. Weissfeld, C. Kisner and B. Kozier for
Medical Technology, Physical Therapy and Nursing respectively. The time
distribution in the Medical Technology program showed that 390 out of 536 citations
or 72.76% of the total cited materials were publications from the year 1996 up to
2015. In the Physical Therapy program, the results displayed that 93 or 69.40% of
the citations were published from 2006 to 2014. In the Nursing program, 986 or
45.52% of the citations were published in 1992 to 2005. From the years 2006 to
2015, citations were published 754 times gathering only 34.81% of the total
citations.

It is recommended that the FEU-NRMF provide access to more electronic
journals and acquire more updated reference books. Also, it is suggested to promote
and recommend other type of source materials, particularly printed materials such as
newspapers and magazines for students to consider the use of such type of
references. For the storage and retention policies of the library, the library should
keep the sources with 15 years of age or the most recent source materials. Lastly, it is
highly recommended that the institution add more reliable sources in their collection
such as medical dictionaries and encyclopedias to lessen the students' dependence in
online dictionaries.


According to Edgar Schein, organizational culture is a pattern of shared assumptions that are learned by a group that has worked well to be taught to new members as the standard way of doing things. Studies of Ritchie (2000) and Mehr et al. (2012) concluded that organizational culture affect performance and productivity. While various researchers provided that job satisfaction is dependent on organizational variables. There are only few studies about organizational culture and job satisfaction that were conducted in the Philippines and in Philippine libraries in particular. This study was conducted among the staff of the UP College of Law Library in UP Diliman and determined the relationship between the library’s organizational culture to its staff job satisfaction.

A quantitative method of data collection was carried out. The organizational culture was identified using the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument, while the staff job satisfaction rate was measured using the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Fifteen (15) out of sixteen (16) library staff of the institution responded to the survey questionnaire.

The data gathered from the survey questionnaires showed that the dominant type of organizational culture that UP College of Law Library is a Clan type of culture with an average score of 476.67, which identifies the culture of the library as friendly and open, and is held together by loyalty and tradition. The Hierarchy type of culture is the second dominant type of organizational culture with an average score of 410.27, which also identifies the environment as very formal and structured.

The satisfaction score of the respondents is 3.99 out of 5, which identifies that the library staff are ‘Satisfied’ with their jobs. At a 95% confidence interval, the study revealed that the relationship between organizational culture and staff job satisfaction is not statistically significantly different from 0 but has a very weak negative inverse correlation at -.155 correlation coefficient and .427 p-value using Kendall’s Tau; and -.217 correlation coefficient and .438 p-value using Spearman’s Rho.

The study led to a conclusion that they have a friendly type of organizational culture in the library and such culture does not affect the satisfaction of the staff towards their jobs. It can be because of the presence of formal procedures that govern the staff. Analysis of the preferred organizational culture and its correlation to current staff job satisfaction were also considered in this research.


Records and archives have always been important to human society. Today, records and archives are not only kept for their evidentiary value, but also for their cultural and historical value. The role of archives in the shaping and reconstruction of "memory" is now recognized. Along with the changing roles of archives, the view of archival institutions as neutral repositories has changed as well given the power exercised in the creation, management and control of archives. As such, how society remembers the past is controlled through archives. Consequently, there are always people and stories that will be excluded, ignored, or represented wrongly in mainstream archives. Community archiving, an emerging paradigm in the archival field aims to address this problem of exclusion. Through community-based archiving initiatives, the challenge for archives to be more democratic, inclusive, and holistic, listening much more to the citizens than the state is addressed. Community archives empower communities by giving them an avenue for them to care for their own history and memory.

The Philippines has legislative measures with regards to history and memory making but it is not enough to preserve the diversity of the country's heritage. The community archiving approach is then proposed as means for local communities to protect their histories. In line with this, community readiness must first be assessed before a community-based archiving initiative is put in place as to produce the desired sustainable effect. This study adopted the Community Readiness Model (CRM) and the five key principles of community archives observed by Caswell (2014) in assessing the community readiness of Barangay Borol 1st, Balagtas, Bulacan for a community-based archiving initiative. Key respondents from the barangay community were interviewed and analysis was done in order to assess community readiness as well as determine the existence of the key principles of community archives.

The results show that Barangay Borol 1st was still in the Preparation stage, as seen through the Community Readiness Model. The current efforts regarding archiving in the community are mainly record keeping practices. The barangay administration sub-community was identified as the strongest sector in terms of possible support for future initiatives. Lastly, two major themes that greatly affect community readiness and the principles of community archives were discovered. The first was that among the barangay community members, the issue of the need to preserve local history and memory was seen as a concern but not a priority. The second is the need to get the importance of the issue across to the community. The study recommends increasing the awareness and knowledge of the community members outside the leadership concerning the importance of archives. Finding concrete examples situated in the community so that members are able to acquire a sense of connection and responsibility for their records is also important.